Of these workers, 5.9% of doctors were self-employed as a main job to December 31, 2009, while 90.2% worked as employees.
INE data also indicate that 58.6% of the doctors performing research in 2009 and 63.6% had a job considered “highly related to their doctoral studies.”
As regards the minimum level of education required for the position occupied by doctors in 42.8% of the cases was a doctorate and a bachelor’s degree 40.3%.
Doctors of Engineering and Technology least have a job soon
For doctors who worked in a job related to his PhD once it was over and before January 2010, the average time to find such employment was six months.
Doctorates in Engineering and Technology were less than (five months) and the humanities the most (nine months).
Doctors of the total employed workers, eight of 10 available permanent contract and the remaining two temporary contracts. For its part, 94.9% were employed full time and part-time 5.1%.
One in three has a doctorate in the field of Natural Sciences
Natural science is the field of study that has a degree greater number of individuals between 1990 and 2009, with 33.3% of the total. It is followed by Medical Sciences and Social Sciences, with percentages of 20.9% and 20.1% respectively. By contrast, the Agricultural Sciences doctors are the least concentrated, with 3.0% of the total.
34.1% of the doctors has been mainly financed their doctoral studies through scholarships. Four in 10 worked to finance his doctorate.
Also, 55.5% of individuals who have obtained their PhD in a Spanish university between 1990 and 2009 are male and 45.5% women. The number of doctors are men than women for all age categories, except children under 35.
34.1% of doctors have paid their estudiospor through scholarships
Spanish Public Administration has paid 34.1% of scholarships for doctors. On the other hand, 22.9% have worked as a professor or research assistant, while 17.1% had to perform another job to finance their studies.
The average duration from start PhD courses until you get a doctorate degree is 5.9 years. Of all doctorates between 1990 and 2009, children under 35 were the least time invested, with a mean of 4.6 years. By contrast, people in the age bracket of 65-69 years needed an average of 11.2 years.
The mean age at doctorate of people who have earned a doctoral degree between 1990 and 2009 stood at 34 years (35 for males and 33 for women).
Most valued characteristics of the labor situation
Job security and location are the characteristics most valued by doctors in relation to their employment status. 67.1% and 64.5% of them respectively, these two factors have been identified as “very satisfactory.”
For its part, 11.9% have shown “not satisfied” with the economic benefits and 9.8% with opportunities for promotion.
21.2% of doctors has gone to live outside of Spain between 2000 and 2009. Of these, 58.6% said that the main reason to have gone abroad due to academic factors, such as increased possibility of publications, development or continuity of the dissertation.
In turn, 12.5% of the doctors who were in Spain at December 31, 2009 was scheduled to go out of our country. The main reason mentioned for that decision was for academic factors (for 71.0% of them).
For its part, the main reasons that led doctors to return to Spain during the period 2000-2009 were personal or family factors (37.7%) and other factors related to employment or economic (29.2%) .