Elinor Ostrom, professor at the University of Indiana (USA), is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Economics is awarded since 1969, for his analysis of economic governance, especially the commons. “Ostrom said stay stunned Upon learning of the award. “It’s a great and exciting surprise,” he said.
The U.S. also Oliver Williamson, a professor at the University of California at Berkeley, was honored for his theories “that indicate that large corporations are, first, because they are efficient,” and for “his analysis of political governance, especially in regarding the limits of the company, “ie, how some of the economic measures are decided in other markets and within firms.
Ostrom was born in Los Angeles in 1933 and is a lecturer in political science from the University of California. He also founded and directed the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at the University of Arizona. This research bases its work on the analysis of public property management, whose work has challenged the conventional wisdom that common property is managed poorly and should be regulated by central authorities or be privatized.
For his part, Oliver Williamson received his doctorate in economics in 1963 at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, and professor at the University of Berkeley (California). The Economist has discovered in his work that markets and hierarchical organizations represent corporate governance structures that differ in their approaches towards the resolution of conflicts of interest.
The two winners will share equally the officially known as Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences and endowed with 10 million kronor (1.4 million U.S. dollars).
The Nobel Prize in Economics was instituted by the Bank of Sweden in 1969 and is the only award not established left Alfred Nobel in his will. Last year the award went to U.S. researcher and broadcaster Paul Krugman. This is the last of six Nobel announced this year.