Dr. Azucena Gracia of the Economics Unit of the Agri-Food and Natural Resources of the CITA has led a research project on the social acceptance of biodiesel by the citizens of Aragon. The research team consists of Dr. Luis Perez y Perez y Gabriela Zeballos of CITA and Dr. Jesús Barreiro Hurlé of Research and Training Institute for Agriculture and Fisheries (IFAP).
The study was conducted based on the analysis of surveys of 400 residents of the city of Zaragoza in September last. The sample comprised 49 percent of women and 51 percent of men, all characterized on the basis of sociodemographic factors.
CITA research reveals very little knowledge about biodiesel in the population. The majority of respondents have never used due to lack of information and then not sold in regular duty station.
Individuals with greater knowledge about biodiesel have greater intention to use in general, even at a higher price. It is noteworthy that women are more willing to use biodiesel than men, and respondents with higher income and education.
Respondents are more concerned that biodiesel can be produced from raw materials produced in Aragon, his production will decrease dependence on oil imports from the countries, “is less polluting than traditional diesel,” his use decrease emissions to the environment “and” production can help increase farmers’ incomes and rural areas “and to a lesser extent that” more expensive to produce than diesel from fossil fuels “and” you can lead to an increase in food prices, “indicating that Aragon citizens have positive attitudes towards biodiesel.
Attitudes toward biodiesel impact on the intention to use and the aspects that influence are positively related to emissions, with the lowest energy dependence, the role he is called to play in rural and regional origin. That is, they intend to use more than those who think that is more environmentally friendly, reduces dependence on energy, promotes the development of rural and regional value origin.
Biofuels, particularly biodiesel, have become an alternative in the short to medium term, to partially replace traditional fuels.
Currently, both types of fuels coexist and compete in the market but with very different market shares. In Spain, biodiesel represents only 1% of consumption and the European Union (EU) has established that by the year 2020, the share of renewable energy (particularly biofuels) in transport sector to achieve at least 10%.